Archive for the ‘Novell’ tag
A few month ago I wrote an article about using VMware View 3 with Novell eDirectory. At this time I was testing the installation with View 3, a Novell Netware eDirectory (not Open Enterprise Server) and a Active Directory Server which users and passwords were in sync through DirXML. As you see this environment has two gaps: It needs two directories and it uses a legacy Netware server which will not longer be supported in the future by Novell. Lots of Novell customers have already migrated their environment to OES (Open Enterprise Server) or will do so soon. With OES Novell introduced a service called DSfW (Domain Services for Windows) which emulates an Active Directory using a modified version of Samba and other components. For a Windows workstation the DSfW looks like a proper Active Directory and offers some interesting benefits like Clientless Login (without Novell Client), Cross-forest trust between eDirectory and Active Directory and Authentication to Active-Directory-style applications. In this article I’ll describe how to use VMware View with Novell OES and DSfW but please hold in mind that this is a non-supported configuration from VMware at this time. I’ve done the testing on VMware View 3 with RDP and Novell Open Enterprise Server 2.
First of all you’ll need a successful installation of Novell Open Enterprise Server 2 and additionally configured Domain Services for Windows. As the DSfW emulate an Actice Directory there shouldn’t be an issue to use them with View and the Virtual Center Server, but there is one. Please consider the Novell Knowledge Base TID 7004290 for further information. In a short form it says that VMware Virtual Center Server fails to authenticate with DSfW and also that happens with VMware View even this is not documented in the article. The reason here is that VMware requests a valid ticket for the service principal name (SPN). If the correct SPN isn’t returned the vCenter Server attempts the authentication using NTLM/SSP. By default DSfW does not create a SPN with “ldap/<ip address of the DSfW DC>. However if you configure the SPN it works. To create the SPN edit the Domain Controller object using iManager or ConsoleOne. The DC object is the name of the DSfW server and is present in “ou=domain controllers,<dc=…>”. Change to the other tab and edit the servicePrincipalName attribute. Please add the ldap/<ipaddress> attribute value on the servicePrincipalName attribute. After that you’ll need to restart the DSfW services using the command “xadcntrl reload”.
The DSfW is not correctly configured and you can now add the Windows Server 2003 to the DSfW domain and start the installation of the View Connection Server afterwards. You shouldn’t see any issue through the installation. To get more information on how to configure DSfW for using login scripts, network shares and so on please check the Novell DSfW documentation. If you still want to use the Novell Client please check my other article for the correct setup with the View Agent.
As you see it’s quite easy to setup VMware View with DSfW but I need to say it again that this is a not supported configuration.
Since VMware View does only support Microsoft Active Directory Service as directory service, Novell eDirectory users need another way to get their environment working with the VMware virtual desktop infrastructure. First of all you will definitely need an Active Directory to integrate the View Manager with so that the users can logon and get authenticated. To get the users from the eDirectory in sync with the Active Directory you should use the standard Novell tools.